ISO 14001:2004 EMS Standard is consistent with the concept of sustainable development. It is compatible with diverse cultural, social and organizational frameworks and systems of management.
This standard can be used by organizations of all types, sizes and levels of maturity, and in all sectors and geographic locations. Accordingly, this standard can be used by manufacturing unit as well as by service organization. This standard accommodates the special needs of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).
If we look to the contents of ISO 14001:2004 EMS Standard, we find that the standard is focused on clarification of the earlier version (ISO 14001:1996) and has taken due consideration of the provisions of ISO 9001:2000 QMS Standard to enhance compatibility of these two standards for the benefit of the user community.
ISO/TC 207 is the technical committee of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) responsible for developing the ISO 14000 series of environmental management standards and guidance documents. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committee ISO/TC 207 has established various international standards.
ISO 14001:2004 EMS Standard contains requirements of an environmental management system. Requirements given in this standard may be objectively audited for certification / registration purposes or for self-declaration purposes. ISO 14001:2004 EMS Standard includes examples, descriptions and options that aid both in the implementation of an environmental management system and in strengthening its relation to the overall management of an organization.
In the introduction part of the ISO 14001:2004 EMS Standard, a note on the application of PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Act) methodology has been added to make continual improvement in environmental performance more clear. On looking to the EMS model in ISO 14001:2004 EMS Standard, we find that the intent of the EMS model of earlier version – ISO 14001:1996 – has been retained.
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Keshav Ram Singhal
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